This article set out to analyse the effectiveness of the Nigerian legal framework, particularly in the light of the coming into force of the
Climate change Act 2021 to achieve the international climate change obligations stemming from the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol,
and the Paris Agreement. Key obligations created by these instruments are intended to improve renewable energy and to
reduce GHG emissions in the forest sector and many others. These obligations from the climate change regime are related to important
Sustainable Development Goals such as Goal 7 (energy) and Goal 15 (forest). These obligations are also linked with Nigeria’s Nationally Determined Contribution (Nigeria NDC)
commitments made under the Paris agreement. The Nigeria NDC pledged 45% emission reduction by 2030, and activities to achieve
the 45% are centred on renewable energy development and forest improvement. The relationship between the climate change
obligations, key Sustainable Development Goals, and the Nigeria NDC create an opportunity for the Nigerian government to
achieve key priority areas in the climate change obligations, Nigeria NDC, and related Sustainable Development Goals.
Key word: Climate Change.