Most African countries particularly Nigeria were noted for poor occupational health and safety practices as inadequate attention were paid to this area. Despite the numerous developments in occupational
health and safety practices in recent years, several occupational and safety issues still abound in most African countries, particularly in Nigeria. Thus, the dissertation aimed at examining the protection of the
workplace, health and safety of the Nigeria worker. The specific objective of the dissertation is to examine the commitment for the establishment of a healthy and safe workplace and the integration of health and safety into
all workplace activities by employers in Nigeria. It is also the objective of the dissertation to examine the compliance with applicable legal requirements of healthy and safe workplace in Nigeria. The dissertation
adopted the doctrinal research methodology which is a library-oriented research. Thus, both primary and secondary sources of information were examined. It found that there is no proper education and training in the workplace on safety. It also found that workers are bereft of knowledge on the effective and efficient use of fire extinguishers. The dissertation concluded that there cannot be any effective occupational health and
safety policies if both employers and employees fail to perform their respective responsibilities. It therefore recommended that the executive and other relevant agencies should enforce the Labour Act to ensure that
workers are protected from all kinds of occupational hazards. It also recommended that management of workplaces should organize regular training, workshops, seminars on health and safety for staff, publish
materials on safety and many other steps to inculcate safety consciousness in the minds of workers. It was further recommended that management of workplaces should take it a point to train staff in the effective and efficient use of fire extinguishers.